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Mold design is important in mold manufacturing Apr 09, 2018

In many ways, a good mold design is like the interchangeability of parts, as in mass production. With a good design the toolmakers could independently make components and everything would fit together as planned, with a minimum of hand-fitting or adjusting. Therefore Mold design is an extremely important step in manufacturing. Following points need special attention we must treat carefully and carefully when designing.

1.    Make the components machinable. From the moldmakers perspective, it is always best if the designer considers just how the component might be manufactured. Time spent consulting a manufacturing engineer or moldmaker is time well spent, if it means saving time and aggravation during the machining process.

2.    Consider future maintenance. Simple things such as adding tapped holes in the backs of inserts,   and enabling the removal of cavity blocks or slides without disassembling the mold can save a great deal of time and money.

3.    Use the correct materials for the job. The wrong choice of tool steels has rendered many molds useless over the years. In the final analysis, steel costs play only a small role in the expenses, so it makes sense not to skimp on quality mold steels.

4.    Use mold flow analysis, if available. If the expense for an authentic mold flow analysis is prohibitive, at least use common sense and consult with a molding technician to determine any hot-spots or dangerous areas where the final product may be affected. Burn marks, knit-lines, voids, blisters, bubbles, and charred spots may all be symptoms of poor cooling of the mold.

5.    Gate and runner placement and sizing is critical. This process is much easier now, with CAD programs such as Autodesk Moldflow Simulation software. The tweaking of gates and runners can consume vast amounts of time and money, thus is pays to properly analyze the size and placements before manufacturing.

6.    Use the draft angle tolerances. Omitting drafted surfaces only causes problems in the injection molding process. Nearly every component as room for draft angles, use them to aid in ejection and faster cycle times.

7.    Try to use common sizes. It is frustrating to work on similar workpieces that has only slightly different dimensions. Why make the land on one core pin one size and the land on a nearly identical core pin slightly different? This wastes time for the toolmaker, who may decide to take the safe route and make it just like the design, while knowing it makes no difference.